Did You Know?

Once you received traffic violation ticket...

The police officer will issue one copy of the traffic violation ticket to the driver and another copy will be sent to court. The court will notify the DMV once they receive the ticket, and henceforth, your traffic violation point will appear on the DMV record. The court will check your driving history record to see if you have gone to traffic school within last 18 months, the period in which you are allowed to attend traffic school only once. If you have not attended traffic school within that time period, the court will assess your bail amount and your traffic school fee, and you may then proceed to enroll in traffic school. Once you successfully finish the course, the certificate will be sent out to court, and the court will notify to the DMV to remove your traffic violation point.

Do not touch phone while driving!

You can get pulled over and issued a traffic violation ticket just for holding your cellular phone while you are driving, whether or not you were actually using the phone.

Drivers under the age of eighteen may not speak on the phone at all while driving, even if they employ hands-free headsets.


California Motor Vehicle Code

This post was written by Leon on April 27, 2020
California Motor Vehicle Code

California Motor Vehicle Code

Section Topic Explanation
20001 Stopping at the Scene of an Accident According to Motor Vehicle Code 20001, if a driver causes or is involved in an accident, he must immediately stop at the scene. Driving away from an accident, especially one where occupants of other vehicles may be injured, is not only irresponsible but against laws discussed in vehicle codes 20001, 20003, and 20004.
21058 A physician responding to an emergency According to Motor Vehicle Code 21058, if a physician's car displays an insignia indicating that the vehicle is owned by a licensed physician and is driving to an emergency call, the driver is exempt from basic speed law.
21100.3 Obedience to person controlling traffic According to Motor Vehicle Code 21100.3, a driver must obey the directions of an authorized traffic control officer.
21200 Rights and duties of bicycle riders According to Motor Vehicle Code 21200, if you ride a bicycle on a highway you have all the rights and are subject to all of the duties as may apply to the driver of a vehicle, including riding under the influence ... except those provisions which by their very nature can have no application.
21202 Operating bicycle on roadway According to Motor Vehicle Code 21202, when moving at a speed less than normal speed of traffic moving in the same direction, bicycle rider must ride as close as possible to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except to pass or preparing to turn left or to avoid unsafe conditions.
21208 Bicycle lanes According to Motor Vehicle Code 21208, when established by a local authority, bicycles must use the bicycle lane and cannot leave that lane unless it is safe to do so.
21221 Motorized scooters According to Motor Vehicle Code 21221, driver of motorize scooters have the same rights and are subject to the same duties as that of a driver of a vehicle.
21228 Motorized scooters rules of the road According to Motor Vehicle Code 21228, like a bicycle -- must use bicycle lane if one exists, otherwise must stay to right-hand curb or edge of the road except where unsafe.
21235 Motorized scooters operation restrictions According to Motor Vehicle Code 21235, When operating a motorized scooter you cannot use on a street with speed limit in excess of 25 mph unless there is a bike lane; cannot ride on sidewalk; cannot carry passengers.
21254 Low-speed vehicles modified to exceed 25 mph According to Motor Vehicle Code 21254, A Modified or altered low-speed vehicle must meet passenger vehicle federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards instead of relaxed standards.
21260 Maximum Speed; crossing of intersections for low-speed vehicles According to Motor Vehicle Code 21260, Low-speed vehicles cannot be operated on any roadway with a speed limit over 35 mph, unless crossing to and from a highway with a speed limit below 35 mph.
21266 Local laws about low-speed vehicles According to Motor Vehicle Code 21266, According to Motor Vehicle Code 21266, be aware of and obey all local laws and restrictions for low-speed vehicles.
21281.5 Speeding; safe operation of electric personal assistive mobility devices According to Motor Vehicle Code 21281, you must give right of way to all pedestrians when riding on any sidewalk, road or path, and operate at a safe speed for the conditions.
21451 Green lights According to Motor Vehicle Code 21451, Drivers facing a green light may enter an intersection to perform legally permitted turns or proceed straight through. Green arrows allow protected turns, including U turns when not specifically prohibited. Pedestrians facing a green light may begin to cross an intersection unless a pedestrian control signal shows otherwise.
21452 Yellow lights According to Motor Vehicle Code 21452 a yellow light warns drivers that the red light will appear soon, prohibiting drivers from entering an intersection. Pedestrians do not have sufficient time to cross an intersection if they start crossing on a yellow light.
21453 Steady red lights and arrows According to Motor Vehicle Code 21453, Drivers facing a solid red light signal or arrow must stop before entering crosswalks or intersections. Right turns are permitted on solid red signals (NOT arrows) after stopping, if no sign prohibits it, and if no hazards are present.
21456 Walk, wait, or don't walk According to Motor Vehicle Code 21456 No pedestrian shall start to cross a road way when facing the Don't Walk, Wait, or upraised hand sign.
21457 Illuminated flashing red or yellow lights used in traffic signal or with traffic sign According to Motor Vehicle Code 21457, Flashing red light is to be treated as a stop sign. Drivers facing a flashing yellow light may proceed through an intersection exercising greater caution.
21460 Double Lines According to Motor Vehicle Code 21460, Cross double parallel lines only if turning left into a private road or driveway, making a legal U-turn, or crossing a broken line to overtake another car.
21464 Interference with traffic devices According to Motor Vehicle Code 21464, no person shall deface or alter an official traffic sign or device. Mobile infrared transmitters and other devices that could alter traffic signals are illegal to own, install, or sell.
21650.1 Bicycles; direction on roadways According to California Motor Vehicle Code 21650.1, bicycles should always ride in the same direction as traffic.
21651 Driving on Divided Highways According to California Motor Vehicle Code 21651, when roads have multiple lanes and two-way traffic, drivers are required to be on the right side of the road.
21654 Slow moving vehicles According to Motor Vehicle Code 21654, you should stay as close as possible to the right side of the road when traveling in the same direction as traffic but at slower speeds.
21655 Lanes for high occupancy vehicles (car pool lanes) According to Motor Vehicle Code 21655, do not enter the car pool lane, not even to pass a vehicle, if your car is not transporting the minimum number of passengers required by law. Do not cross double yellow lines to enter the car pool lane.
21656 Turning out of slow moving vehicles According to Motor Vehicle Code 21656, on a two lane road, where passing on the left is unsafe, a vehicle with five other vehicles behind it in a line must turn out at a designated turnout and let them all pass.
21658 Laned roadways According to Motor Vehicle Code 21658, When driving within laned roadways drive completely in one lane when there are multiple lanes in the same direction, switching lanes only when it is safe to do so. Obey signs that reserve lanes for specific purposes.
21660 Approaching vehicles According to Motor Vehicle Code 21660, pass each other on the right, and give each other at least half of the road whenever possible.
21661 Narrow roadways According to Motor Vehicle Code 21661, the person driving downhill gives the right of way to the ascending car, and will turn off the road to make room for safe passing if necessary.
21662 Mountain driving According to Motor Vehicle Code 21662, stay in control of your vehicle at all times. Drive as far to the right on the road as possible. Use your horn to warn other drivers you are approaching within 200 feet of a curve on a narrow road with an obstructed view.
21663 Driving on sidewalk According to Motor Vehicle Code 21663, do not drive on sidewalks unless unless it is expressly allowed or when entering or exiting adjacent property.
21700 Obstruction to driving According to Motor Vehicle Code 21700, do not drive if your vehicle is so loaded that it interferes with your vision and control of the vehicle.
21701 Interference with driver or mechanism According to Motor Vehicle Code 21701, do not interfere with the driver of a vehicle or the mechanism thereof in a way that affects the driver's control.
21703 Following too closely According to Motor Vehicle Code 21703, leave a safe distance between your vehicle and the one in front of you considering the speeds, road conditions, traffic, and general regard for safety.
21706 Following emergency vehicle According to Motor Vehicle Code 21706, vehicles should not follow within 300 feet of an emergency vehicle.
21710 Coasting prohibited According to Motor Vehicle Code 21710, traveling downhill in neutral is illegal.
21712 Unlawful riding and towing According to Motor Vehicle Code 21712, no passenger may sit in any part of a vehicle that is not intended for passengers, nor shall anybody tow a motorcycle, trailer or coach containing a passenger.
21716 Golf carts, operation According to Motor Vehicle Code 21716, golf carts are only to be operated where the speed limit is 25 mph or less.
21718 Parking or leaving a vehicle on a freeway According to Motor Vehicle Code 217187, Drivers may stop on the freeway to avoid injury, told to do so by an officer, when engaging in maintenance, or where specifically permitted.
21750 Overtake and pass to left According to Motor Vehicle Code 21750, If it is safe to overtake a vehicle or bicycle in front of you traveling in the same direction, do so on the left and allow them enough space to operate normally.
21751 Passing without sufficient clearance According to Motor Vehicle Code 21751, Pass only when you can clearly see it is safe to do so with sufficent clearance necessary for save overtaking. This includes instances on 2 lane roads.
21752 When driving on left prohibited According to Motor Vehicle Code 21752, no driving is allowed on the left side of the roadway when approaching a curve or crest where the other driver's view is obstructed, or within 100 feet of a bridge tunnel, railroad grade, or intersection.
21753 Yielding when passing According to Motor Vehicle Code 21753, do not speed up when being passed -- slow and allow safe passing.
21756 Passing standing streetcar, trolley coach, or bus According to Motor Vehicle Code 21756, you must stop behind a vehicle discharging passengers, unless there is a specially designed safety zone.
21759 Caution in passing animals According to Motor Vehicle Code 21759, you should slow down and obey any signals by any person in charge of the animals to ensure safe passing.
21800 Intersections without functioning traffic control signs, or with all-directional stop signs According to Motor Vehicle Code 21800, when entering an intersection at the same time, yield right of way to the driver on your right. In case of a broken traffic control device, stop at an intersection and proceed when safe to do so.
21801 Left or U turn right of way According to Motor Vehicle Code 21801, Unless you have a protective green arrow, always yield right of way to oncoming traffic.
21802 The Laws of Stop Signs According to Motor Vehicle Code 21802, if approaching a stop sign, the driver should begin to slow his vehicle and continue to make a complete stop at the intersection.
21803 Yield right-of-way According to Motor Vehicle Code 21803, Yield when there is an indication of a yield sign that says to do so, when merging onto a road, or when a vehicle is crossing ahead of you.
21804 Entering Onto a Highway According to Motor Vehicle Code 21804, If the driver intends to enter onto a highway from a space of public or private property or an alley, the driver must yield the right-of-way to all closely approaching traffic already present on the highway.
21950 Right of way at crosswalks According to Motor Vehicle Code 21950, pedestrians always have the right of way at crosswalks. Drivers should exercise the right of care when pedestrians are crossing roads illegally.
21952 Right-of-way on sidewalk According to Motor Vehicle Code 21952, Always give the right-of-way to pedestrians if you are driving over or upon a sidewalk for any reason.
21954 Pedestrians outside crosswalks According to Motor Vehicle Code 21954, Yield right-of-way to all vehicles. However, vehicles must exercise due care for the safety of pedestrians outside of crosswalks.
21957 Hitchhiking According to Motor Vehicle Code 21957, According to Motor Vehicle Code 21957, standing in a road to solicit a ride is illegal.
22100 Turning According to Motor Vehicle Code 22100, only make U turns at intersections that allow it. No U turns near fire station driveways, on streets with obstructed views, in residence districts when another vehicle is approaching.
22112 Stopping behind school bus According to Motor Vehicle Code 22112, stop behind and do not pass a school bus that is loading/unloading children and has flashing red lights and a stop sign.
22350 Basic Speed Law According to Motor Vehicle Code 22350, always drive at a speed that is appropriate for the given road and weather conditions. Remember it is illegal to exceed the stated speed limit.
22352 Speed Limits Motor Vehicle Code 22352 requires the following prima facie speed limits unless otherwise posted. 15 mph: obstructed view railway crossing and intersections, in alleys; 25 mph: residential zones, school zones, near senior facilities, near park playgrounds.
22400 Minimum speed law According to Motor Vehicle Code 22400, With regards to the mininum speed law, you should not drive so slowly that you interfere or impede normal traffic, thus becoming a safety hazard.
22406 Maximum speed limit for certain vehicles According to Motor Vehicle Code 22406, The following may not be driven at speeds over 55 mph: vehicle with 3 or more axles, vehicle towing another vehicle, school bus transporting any pupil, farm labor vehicle, vehicle transporting explosives, trailer bus.
22451 Train signals According to Motor Vehicle Code 22451, stop no less than 15 from rails and proceed when safe. Never pass through, around, or under the protective gates.
23103 Reckless Driving According to Motor Vehicle Code 23103, driving on a highway or in a parking lot showing wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property.
23109 Speed contests and exhibitions of speed According to Motor Vehicle Code 23109, racing, assisting in a race, or clocking high speeds is punishable with jail time and fines.
23110 Throwing substance at vehicles According to Motor Vehicle Code 23110, do not throw anything at cars. Doing so will be treated as a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the damage.
23111 Throwing substances on highways or adjoining areas According to Motor Vehicle Code 23111, throwing anything, including cigarettes lit or unlit, garbage, etc. is illegal.
23112 No throwing, depositing, or dumping matter on a highway According to Motor Vehicle Code 23112, no one - driver, passenger or pedestrian- shall throw or deposit anything on the highway.
23116 Pickup of flatbed trucks; transportation in back; section application According to Motor Vehicle Code 23116, do not transport unrestrained passengers in the back of a truck unless you are on a farm, in an emergency, or in a law enforcement supervised parade.
23117 Transportation of animals; enclosure or restraint requirements According to Motor Vehicle Code 23117, do not transport animals in the back of a vehicle unless the space for it is enclosed, has side and tail racks 46 inches high, has means to prevent the animal from escaping, being thrown, or falling out of the vehicle. This does not apply to transporting cattle or traveling with dogs for farming reasons.
23123 Driving a motor vehicle while using a wireless telephone According to Motor Vehicle Code 23123, it is not allowed unless the phone is specifically designed and configured to be used hands-free. Making emergency phone calls to police or medical personnel is allowed.
23124 Minor using wireless telephone while driving According to Motor Vehicle Code 23124, drivers under 18 cannot drive while using a wireless phone -- not even hands free.
23123.5 Driving a motor vehicle while writing, sending or reading text-based communication According to Motor Vehicle Code 23123.5, do not read, write, or send text based communication while driving.
23127 Trails and paths According to Motor Vehicle Code 23127, do not operate a motor vehicle on a bike path, hiking trail, or horse trail where signs prohibit it, unless you have written permission from the owner of the trail. Bike paths that are adjacent and contiguous to a roadway are an exception.
23128 Snowmobiles According to Motor Vehicle Code 23128, do not hunt or harass animals while on a snowmobile. Do not operate a snowmobile on a highway or in a way that is dangerous to somebody or their property.
23136 Blood alcohol concentration of .01 or greater for someone under 21 According to Motor Vehicle Code 23136, a person under 21 cannot drive with a BAC of .01 or greater.
23152 Driving under influence; blood alcohol percentage, presumptions According to Motor Vehicle Code 23152, do not drive under the influence of foreign substances. No person is allowed to drive if they are addicted to a drug, unless they are in rehab. Operating a vehicle with BAC of .08 or greater results in a DUI. Commercial vehicles cannot be operated with a BAC of .04 or greater.
23220 Drinking while driving of any vehicle According to Motor Vehicle Code 23220, no drinking alcoholic beverages while driving or as a passenger in a vehicle on a highway.
23222 Possession of open container containing alcoholic beverage or marijuana while driving According to Motor Vehicle Code 23222, open containers in the car are illegal, as is a container with marijuana of more than one avoirdupois ounce.
23223 Possession of opened container in a motor vehicle According to Motor Vehicle Code 23223, drivers or passengers may not have open containers in a motor vehicle on a highway.
23224 Possession of alcoholic beverage in vehicle; persons under 21 According to Motor Vehicle Code 23224, drivers or passengers under 21 years old cannot possess alcoholic beverages in their car, unless accompanied by a parent or responsible adult relative designated by the parents.

According to Motor Vehicle Code

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